How can we prevent the spread of the monkeypox virus?
According to the WHO, implementation of appropriate infection prevent and control (IPC) measures, for example adequate screening space, ventilation, hand hygiene, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), environmental cleaning and disinfection, and training of health workers, is essential to mitigate and control transmission of monkeypox in healthcare and community settings. Do not touch the rash or scabs of a person with monkeypox, do not share eating utensils or cups, wash hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitiser, especially after contact with infected people.
Health workers should apply standard precautions and perform a risk assessment to evaluate the need to use tranmission-based precautions. Standard precautions include hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, patient placement, PPE, aseptic technique, safe injections and sharps injury prevention, environmental cleaning and disinfection, proper handling of laundry and linen, decontamination and reprocessing of reusable patient care items and equipment, and waste management, should be used for all patients at all times.¹
WHO advises that transmission-based precautions be implemented for any suspected or confirmed case of monkeypox in healthcare settings, including the use of respirators by health workers, as described in the clinical management and infection prevention and control for monkeypox: Interim rapid response guidance, 10th June.